Indications for Ultrasound in Small Animal Medicine

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Indications for an
Abdominal Ultrasound:

  • Abdominal distension
  • Abdominal pain
  • Anorexia
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • PUPD
  • Pregnancy
  • Weight loss
  • Collapse
  • Ventricular arrhythmia
  • Ascites
  • Anemia
  • Leukocytosis
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Elevated liver enzymes
  • Hyperbilirubinemia
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Azotemia
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Abnormal low dose dexamethasone suppression test
  • Abnormal bile acid assay
  • Hypertension
  • Abnormal fPLI or Spec cPL
  • Isosthenuria
  • Proteinuria
  • Hematuria
  • Dysuria
  • Pyuria
  • Abnormal transitional cells in urine sediment
  • Decreased intraabdominal detail
  • Mass effect
  • Mass
  • Organomegaly
  • Small liver
  • Metastasis check

Indications for an Echocardiogram:

  • Heart murmur
  • Gallop rhythm
  • Tachycardia
  • Muffled heart sounds
  • Arrhythmia
  • Dyspnea
  • Cough
  • Cyanosis
  • Syncope
  • Weakness
  • Ascites
  • Heartworm disease
  • Cardiomegaly
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Pleural effusion
  • Intrathoracic mass
  • Splenic hemangiosarcoma
  • Thromboembolism